If unruly, people are prone to problems. When psychosomatic medicine first emerged in the 20th century, it was generally believed that 60% to 70% of diseases and psychological factors were related, and now anthropological scientists think that more than 95% of infections are related to psychological factors. Almost all diseases are related to psychological factors, including trauma (due to absent-minded). In 1946, the World Health Organization defined health in its founding charter as “Health is not only the absence of disease, but also physical, psychological, and social adaptation in good condition.” There are three aspects to health: physiology, psychology, and social adaptability.
Salon Forum Professor Yang Jie live explanation
“Modern mental health issues and rehabilitation”, organized by the GBIC, Grizzly Bear Institute of Canada, in collaboration with the UBC Asian Forestry Research Center, held at the University of British Columbia, UBC, November 24. This salon is chaired by Ms. Zhaobin, associate professor of business management and human resources administration, Biddy School of Business, SFU Simon Fraser University. Yang Jie, an associate professor of anthropology at Simon Fraser University, SFU, made a broad discussion on modern mental health problems and rehabilitation.
In the salon forum, Professor Yang Jie noted that mental health issues had become globalized and explained the definition of mental health in anthropology from an anthropological point of view: Mental illness is a socio-cultural framework; all anomalies are normal human structures and the people reaction to (severe) living environments and stress. Many Chinese people still have a lot of secular ideas and puzzles about mental illness, do not want to be associated with it, easy to be ashamed of it, and thus have a sense of shame. Families, communities, drugs, and different mental illnesses have different feelings of stigma. For mental illness, we can take drug treatment and talk therapy which is psychological counseling.
Salon forum listeners listen with concentration
Traditional Chinese people enjoy the conventional cultural atmosphere of “lack of reason, more reasonable”, it is not easy to produce an obvious sense of anxiety. After entering the process of modernization and social transformation, Chinese society is in the fast life of so-called “challenge and coping”, which leads to people’s general psychological tension.
In the process, there has been severe collective anxiety in China. China’s public awareness of mental illness is less than 50%, and the rate of doctor visits is lower. 95% of netizens do not know about mental illness, thinking that mental illness is “Dancing on the street, naked running or the madman who is punching or cutting people.” Professor Yang Jie elaborated the definition of mental illness to the audience in a salon lecture. According to the definition of the World Health Organization, anyone with mental illness, emotional disorder, and cognitive dysfunction is included in the category of modern mental illness.
In the forum, Professor Yang Jie used data from mental health in China of 2016 to illustrate the global prevalence of mental illness among the Chinese public. “Of the population over 15 years of age in China, there are more than 100 million people of all types of mental illness, 16 million of whom are patients with severe mental disorders, the majority of whom are patients with mental disorders such as depression, autism or mental behavioural disorders (equivalent to a total Japanese/Mexican population, with an amount of severe syndrome equivalent to the total population of the Netherlands). People with depression in China have reached 90 million. China has one of the highest suicide rates in the world, with a total suicide rate of 23/100,000, compared with an international average suicide rate of only 10/100,000. For those who are healthy, many people suffer from anxiety, depression and other emotional distress, mental sub-health. ” Professor Yang Jie mentioned that depression goes hand in hand with “suicide.” Mental disorders ranked first in China’s total burden of disease, which has exceeded the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, respiratory system and malignant tumors and other diseases. All kinds of mental problems account for about 1/5 of the total burden of disease.
(Photo from Lin’s comics)
The symptoms, triggers, and categories of mental illness cannot be ignored, and Professor Yang Jie gave examples of several common mental illnesses in her lectures: hollow disease, impostor syndrome, perfectionism, giant baby phenomenon, and depression.
“Hollow Disease”: children graduate from colleges and universities, but do not know the meaning of living, lack of enthusiasm for life, and even do not feel the existence of life. This “psychological disorder caused by value defects” is mainly manifested in low mood, decreased interest and lack of pleasure. But unlike typical depression, all of these symptoms do not behave very seriously. Regarding of symptoms, it conforms to the diagnosis of depression. Patients with the hollow disease will have a strong sense of loneliness and no sense of meaning. This sense of isolation comes from the absence of a real connection with the world and the people around it, and less about what is the value and meaning of being alive. They have achieved excellent results and achievements, and once they get these achievements, their heart is still empty.
“Impostor syndrome”, “impostor phenomenon”, “fraud syndrome”. People with impostor syndrome are unable to attribute their success to their abilities and are always worried that one day they will be seen by others as a liar. Symptoms are mainly manifested in diligence, they usually work very hard, and from their point of view, this is to avoid letting others find themselves liars. But hard work will lead to more success and applause, leaving them to continue to fall into the cycle of fear of being detected.
(Photo from Lin’s comics)
“Perfectionist syndrome” or “perfectionist obsessive-compulsive disorder” refers to the phenomenon of perfectionist syndrome resulting from the increasing social pressure and fierce competition, and while some white-collar workers are in pursuit of perfection, their heart is inevitably vulnerable to impatience. If the quest for perfection is excessive, it will make people feel picky, harsh. Not only will it reduce work efficiency, but it may also lead to patient relationships damage and physical and mental impairment.
In the forum, Professor Yang Jie quoted the author of Wu Zhihong’s book, “The Great Baby” (published by the People of Zhejiang in December 2016), “90% of the problems in Chinese society, or the vast majority of love and hate, are related to the basic fact that the vast majority of Chinese adults are giant babies” Both infants and giant babies have three essential psychological characteristics: symbiosis, omnipotent narcissism, and paranoid division. The omnipotent narcissism of the giant baby, that is, the deep psychological mechanism of collectivism and filial fools, has given birth to a series of current common mental problems, such as good people syndrome, control freaks, persecuted delusions, feelings of helplessness, insecurity, manic depression and so on.
Professor Yang Jie also pointed out that “seemingly calm, but in fact, the body and mind are tormented” is depression without a trace, and “seemingly happy, but suicidal when there is a personal solitude” is a smile depression. Depression in China has three high characteristics, high incidence, high recurrence rate, high suicide rate, and three low characteristics, low awareness rate, low attendance rate, and low treatment rate.
Material from the salon forum
When stress comes, people tend to be alone, but isolating themselves can exacerbate the triggers of depression. When triggers arise, it is essential to take care of your senses, “Listen to music, a cup of tea, a bowl of soup, or a cup of coffee.” “You can also have a relaxing mint, floral fragrance, or a tree-fragrant banana massage, or take a walk outside to stimulate your sense of smell and feeling.” Of course, a hot bath can also play a soothing role. Let the perception flow, do not use the concept to live. Holidays are coming, readers in the run for happiness also need to take the full range of care for the body from the three aspects of the physiological, psychological and social adaptability at the same time.